Quantum Computation and Information Seminar   RSS

27/11/2015, 14:00 — 15:00 — Room P9, Mathematics Building
, Physics of Information Group, IT and IST, ULisbon

Quantum walks in synthetic gauge fields with 3D integrated photonics

There is great interest in designing photonic devices capable of disorder-resistant transport and information processing. In this work we propose to exploit 3D integrated photonic circuits in order to realize 2D discrete-time quantum walks in a background synthetic gauge field, for both the single and many walker case. The gauge fields are generated by introducing the appropriate phase shifts between waveguides. Polarization-independent phase shifts lead to an Abelian or magnetic field, a case we describe in detail. We find that, in the disordered case, the magnetic field enhances transport due to the presence of topologically protected chiral edge states which do not localize. Polarization-dependent phase shifts lead to effective non-Abelian gauge fields, which could be adopted to realize Rashba-like quantum walks with spin-orbit coupling. Our work introduces a flexible platform for the experimental study of multi-particle quantum walks in the presence o f synthetic gauge fields, which paves the way towards topologically robust transport of many-body states of photons.

Supported by: Phys-Info (IT), SQIG (IT), CeFEMA and CAMGSD, with funding from FCT, FEDER and EU FP7, specifically through the Doctoral Programme in the Physics and Mathematics of Information (DP-PMI), FCT strategic projects PEst-OE/EEI/LA0008/2013 and UID/EEA/50008/2013, IT project QuSim, project CRUP-CPU CQVibes, the FP7 Coordination Action QUTE-EUROPE (600788), and the FP7 projects Landauer (GA 318287) and PAPETS (323901).

Instituto de TelecomunicaçõesCAMGSDFCT7th Framework Programme