27/11/2015, 14:00 — 15:00 — Room P9, Mathematics Building
Leonardo Novo, Physics of Information Group, IT and IST, ULisbon
Quantum walks in synthetic gauge fields with 3D integrated photonics
There is great interest in designing photonic devices capable of disorder-resistant transport and information processing. In this work we propose to exploit 3D integrated photonic circuits in order to realize 2D discrete-time quantum walks in a background synthetic gauge field, for both the single and many walker case. The gauge fields are generated by introducing the appropriate phase shifts between waveguides. Polarization-independent phase shifts lead to an Abelian or magnetic field, a case we describe in detail. We find that, in the disordered case, the magnetic field enhances transport due to the presence of topologically protected chiral edge states which do not localize. Polarization-dependent phase shifts lead to effective non-Abelian gauge fields, which could be adopted to realize Rashba-like quantum walks with spin-orbit coupling. Our work introduces a flexible platform for the experimental study of multi-particle quantum walks in the presence o f synthetic gauge fields, which paves the way towards topologically robust transport of many-body states of photons.