28/06/2018, 14:30 — 15:30 — Sala de seminários (2.8.3), Pavilhão de Física
Edgar Gasperin, CENTRA, Instituto Superior Técnico
Perturbations of the asymptotic region of the Schwarzschild-de Sitter spacetime
Although the study of the Cauchy problem in General Relativity started in the decade of 1950 with the work of Foures-Bruhat, addressing the problem of global non-linear stability of solutions to the Einstein field equations is in general a hard problem. The first non-linear global non-linear stability result in General Relativity was obtained for the de Sitter spacetime by H. Friedrich in the decade of 1980. In this talk the main tool used in the above result is introduced: a conformal (regular) representation of the Einstein field equations — the so-called conformal Einstein field equations (CEFE). Then, the conformal structure of the Schwarzschild-de Sitter spacetime is analysed using the extended conformal Einstein field equations (XCEFE). To this end, initial data for an asymptotic initial value problem for the Schwarzschild-de Sitter spacetime are obtained. This initial data allow to understand the singular behaviour of the conformal structure at the asymptotic points where the horizons of the Schwarzschild-de Sitter spacetime meet the conformal boundary. Using the insights gained from the analysis of the Schwarzschild-de Sitter spacetime in a conformal Gaussian gauge, we consider nonlinear perturbations close to the Schwarzschild-de Sitter spacetime in the asymptotic region. Finally, we'll show that small enough perturbations of asymptotic initial data for the Schwarzschild-de Sitter spacetime give rise to a solution to the Einstein field equations which exists to the future and has an asymptotic structure similar to that of the Schwarzschild-de Sitter spacetime.
This seminar is joint with CENTRA, and will take place on the Physics Department (seminar room, 2nd floor).