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Topological Quantum Field Theory Seminar   RSS

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06/12/2007, 15:30 — 16:30 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
, International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), Trieste

Instantons and framed bundles on rational surfaces

The talk concerns a correspondence between framed instantons on the one-point compactification of an affine complex surface X, and framed holomorphic bundles on a projective completion of X. This correspondence is known for X the affine plane (Donaldson) and X the affine plane blown up at a point (King). After reviewing these cases, I will discuss possible generalizations (basically, when the projective completion is a rational surface). I will also spend some words on instanton countings on these surfaces. Physically this corresponds to studying the Nekrasov partition function for topological super Yang-Mills theories on X.

30/11/2007, 14:00 — 15:00 — Room P4.35, Mathematics Building
Yassir Dinar, International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), Trieste

Algebraic Frobenius manidolds and primitive conjugacy classes in Weyl group

We develop the theory of generalized bi-Hamiltonian reduction. Applying this theory to the loop algebra proved to be equivalent to a generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov reduction. This gives a way to construct new examples of algebraic Frobenius manifolds.

08/06/2007, 16:00 — 17:00 — Amphitheatre Pa3, Mathematics Building
, Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques

New methods in renormalization theories - III

05/06/2007, 16:30 — 17:30 — Amphitheatre Pa3, Mathematics Building
, Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques

New methods in renormalization theories - II

05/06/2007, 11:00 — 12:00 — Amphitheatre Pa3, Mathematics Building
, Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques

New methods in renormalization theories - I

The first occurence of the ideas of renormalisation in physics is due to Green, around 1850, who used such methods to study the motion of a pendulum in a fluid. The same kind of methods was proposed by J. Oppenheimer around 1930, to take in account the so-called radiative corrections to the spectral lines of atoms. Like the previous attempts in classical electrodynamics, this approach led to unphysical infinite quantities. As it si well-known, the new methods of Bethe, Schwinger, Tomonaga, Feynman and Dyson solved in principle the problem of infinities around 1950. But a conceptual breakthrough occured ten years ago when A. Connes and D. Kreimer introduced Hopf algebraic methods in this game. We propose to explain our own verion of these methods, emphasizing a certain infinite-dimensional group, the so-called dressing group. A striking feature is the deep analogy with groups introduced by Grothendieck under the name of motivic Galois groups. These lectures shall begin with a short historical review, followed by a description of the standard calculations, and then we shall describe in detail the new methods.

23/02/2007, 15:45 — 16:45 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Roger Picken, Instituto Superior Técnico

Sétima palestra dum Mini-Encontro do projecto "Topologia Quântica", onde haverá apresentações curtas e informais de membros do projecto sobre assuntos de interesse actual. Todos os interessados bem-vindos.

23/02/2007, 14:45 — 15:45 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Rui Carpentier, Instituto Superior Técnico

Sexta palestra dum Mini-Encontro do projecto "Topologia Quântica", onde haverá apresentações curtas e informais de membros do projecto sobre assuntos de interesse actual. Todos os interessados bem-vindos.

23/02/2007, 14:00 — 15:00 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
João Martins, Instituto Superior Técnico

Quinta palestra dum Mini-Encontro do projecto "Topologia Quântica", onde haverá apresentações curtas e informais de membros do projecto sobre assuntos de interesse actual. Todos os interessados bem-vindos.

22/02/2007, 16:45 — 17:45 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Marco Mackaay, Universidade do Algarve

Quarta palestra dum Mini-Encontro do projecto "Topologia Quântica", onde haverá apresentações curtas e informais de membros do projecto sobre assuntos de interesse actual. Todos os interessados bem-vindos.

22/02/2007, 16:00 — 17:00 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Marko Stosic, ISR

Terceira palestra dum Mini-Encontro do projecto "Topologia Quântica", onde haverá apresentações curtas e informais de membros do projecto sobre assuntos de interesse actual. Todos os interessados bem-vindos.

22/02/2007, 14:45 — 15:45 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Paulo Semião, Universidade do Algarve

Segunda palestra dum Mini-Encontro do projecto "Topologia Quântica", onde haverá apresentações curtas e informais de membros do projecto sobre assuntos de interesse actual. Todos os interessados bem-vindos.

22/02/2007, 14:00 — 15:00 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Pedro Lopes, Instituto Superior Técnico

Primeira palestra dum Mini-Encontro do projecto "Topologia Quântica", onde haverá apresentações curtas e informais de membros do projecto sobre assuntos de interesse actual. Todos os interessados bem-vindos.

13/10/2006, 14:00 — 15:00 — Room P3.31, Mathematics Building
Mark Gotay, Univ. of Hawai at Manoa

Obstructions to Quantization 2

Let (L,) be a prequantum line bundle over a symplectic manifold X, and S its symplectization. Kostant showed that the classical Poisson bracket on S is simply prequantization on X. C. Duval and I have taken this a step farther to obtain a quantization of X using a generalized star-product on S.

References:
  1. Kostant, B. [2003], Minimal coadjoint orbits and symplectic induction, arXiv: SG/0312252.

12/10/2006, 16:00 — 17:00 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Mark Gotay, Univ. of Hawai at Manoa

Obstructions to Quantization 1

Quantization is not a straightforward proposition, as demonstrated by Groenewold's and Van Hove's discovery, sixty years ago, of an "obstruction" to quantization. Their "no-go theorems" assert that it is in principle impossible to consistently quantize every classical polynomial observable on the phase space R2n in a physically meaningful way. Similar obstructions have been recently found for S2 and T* S1 , buttressing the common belief that no-go theorems should hold in some generality. Surprisingly, this is not so-it has just been proven that there are no obstructions to quantizing either T2 or T* R+ . In this talk we conjecture-and in some cases prove-generalized Groenewold-Van Hove theorems, and determine the maximal Lie subalgebras of observables which can be consistently quantized. This requires a study of the structure of Poisson algebras of symplectic manifolds and their representations. To these ends we review known results as well as recent theoretical work. Our discussion is independent of any particular method of quantization; we concentrate on the structural aspects of quantization theory which are common to all Hilbert space-based quantization techniques. (This is joint work with J. Grabowski, H. Grundling and A. Hurst.)

References:
  1. Gotay, M. J. [2000], Obstructions to Quantization, in: Mechanics: From Theory to Computation. (Essays in Honor of Juan-Carlos Simo), J. Nonlinear Science Editors, 271-316 (Springer, New York).
  2. Gotay, M. J. [2002], On Quantizing Non-nilpotent Coadjoint Orbits of Semisimple Lie Groups. Lett. Math. Phys. 62, 47-50.

09/10/2006, 11:00 — 12:00 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Mark Gotay, Univ. of Hawai at Manoa

Stress-Energy-Momentum Tensors

J. Marsden and I present a new method of constructing a stress-energy-momentum tensor for a classical field theory based on covariance considerations and Noether theory. Our stress-energy-momentum tensor Tμ ν is defined using the (multi)momentum map associated to the spacetime diffeomorphism group. The tensor Tμ ν is uniquely determined as well as gauge-covariant, and depends only upon the divergence equivalence class of the Lagrangian. It satisfies a generalized version of the classical Belinfante-Rosenfeld formula, and hence naturally incorporates both the canonical stress-energy-momentum tensor and the "correction terms" that are necessary to make the latter well behaved. Furthermore, in the presence of a metric on spacetime, our Tμν coincides with the Hilbert tensor and hence is automatically symmetric.

References:
  1. Gotay, M. J. and J. E. Marsden [1992], Stress-energy-momentum tensors and the Belinfante-Rosenfeld formula, Contemp. Math. 132, 367-391.
  2. Forger, M. and H. Römer [2004], Currents and the energy-momentum tensor in classical field theory: A fresh look at an old problem, Ann. Phys. 309, 306-389.

07/06/2006, 14:30 — 15:30 — Room P12, Mathematics Building
, Univ. Illinois, Chicago

Virtual Knot Theory III

Flat virtuals and long flat virtuals. Khovanov homology and virtual knot theory.

06/06/2006, 17:00 — 18:00 — Room P9, Mathematics Building
João Faria Martins, Instituto Superior Técnico

Crossed Modules and Crossed Complexes in Geometric Topology II

This short course aims at describing some applications of crossed modules and crossed complexes to Geometric Topology, and it is based on results by the author. The background is R. Brown and P.J. Higgins beautiful work on crossed modules and crossed complexes. We will give a lot of attention to applications to knotted embedded surfaces in S^4, and we will make explicit use of movie representations of them. Some of the ideas of this work started from Yetter's Invariant of manifolds and subsequent developments. Full summary and references: http://www.math.ist.utl.pt/~rpicken/tqft/kauffman062006/CMGT.pdf

06/06/2006, 15:00 — 16:00 — Room P9, Mathematics Building
, Univ. Illinois, Chicago

Virtual Knot Theory II

Continuing discussion of invariants of virtual knots and links. Biquandles and 0-level Alexander polynomial. Quaternionic biquandle. Weyl algebra and the linear non-commutative biquandles.

05/06/2006, 15:30 — 16:30 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Marko Stosic, Instituto Superior Técnico

Khovanov homology of torus knots

In this talk we show that the torus knots Tp,q for 3pq are homologically thick. Furthermore, we show that we can reduce the number of twists q without changing a certain part of the homology, and consequently we show that there exists a stable homology for torus knots conjectured in [1]. Also, we calculate the Khovanov homology groups of low homological degree for torus knots, and we conjecture that the homological width of the torus knot Tp,q is at least p.
References:
[1] N. Dunfield, S. Gukov and J. Rasmussen: The Superpolynomial for link homologies, arXiv:math.GT/0505056.
[2] M. Stosic: Homological thickness of torus knots, arXiv:math.GT/0511532

02/06/2006, 15:30 — 16:30 — Room P12, Mathematics Building
, Univ. Illinois, Chicago

Virtual Knot Theory I

Introduction to combinatorial knot theory; Reidemeister moves, moves on virtuals; interpretation of virtual knot theory in terms of knots and links in thickened surfaces; bracket polynomial for virtuals, involutory quandle for virtuals.

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Current organizers: José MourãoRoger Picken, Marko Stošić

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