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27/11/2013, 16:30 — 17:30 — Sala P4.35, Pavilhão de Matemática
John Huerta, Instituto Superior Técnico

What can higher categories do for physics?

We describe Baez and Dolan's cobordism hypothesis - a deep connection between topological quantum field theory, higher categories, and manifolds. Physically, this encodes the idea that quantum field theories, even "topological" ones, should be local: no matter how we cut up the spacetime on which they are defined in order to perform the path integral, the net result must be the same. Recently, this hypothesis was formulated and proved by Jacob Lurie using the tools of homotopy theory. We describe the version of the hypothesis he proved. Finally, we touch on Freed, Hopkins, Lurie and Teleman's recent work on Chern-Simons theory, and on Urs Schreiber's ideas for using Lurie's toolkit in full-fledged quantum field theory.

30/09/2013, 15:00 — 16:00 — Sala P3.10, Pavilhão de Matemática
Nuno Freitas, Univ. Bayreuth

The Fermat equation over totally real number fields

Jarvis and Meekin have shown that the classical Fermat equation \(x^p + y^p = z^p\) has no non-trivial solutions over \(\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{2})\). This is the only result available over number fields. Two major obstacles to attack the equation over other number fields are the modularity of the Frey curves and the existence of newforms in the spaces obtained after level lowering.

In this talk, we will describe how we deal with these obstacles, using recent modularity lifting theorems and level lowering. In particular, we will solve the equation for infinitely many real quadratic fields.

29/08/2013, 15:00 — 16:00 — Sala P4.35, Pavilhão de Matemática
Travis Willse, The Australian National University

Groups of type G 2 and exceptional geometric structures in dimensions 5, 6, and 7

Several exceptional geometric structures in dimensions 5, 6, and 7 are related in a striking panorama grounded in the algebra of the octonions and split octonions. Considering strictly nearly Kähler structures in dimension 6 leads to prolonging the Killing-Yano (KY) equation in this dimension, and the solutions of the prolonged system define a holonomy reduction to a group of exceptional type G 2 of a natural rank-7 vector bundle, which can in turn be realized as the tangent bundle of a pseudo-Riemannian manifold, which hence relates this construction to exceptional metric holonomy. In the richer case of indefinite signature, a suitable solution ω of the KY equation can degenerate along a (hence 5-dimensional) hypersurface Σ, in which case it partitions the underlying manifold into a union of three submanifolds and induces an exceptional geometric structure on each. On the two open manifolds (which have common boundary Σ), ω defines asymptotically hyperbolic nearly Kähler and nearly para-Kähler structures. On Σ itself, ω determines a generic 2-plane field, the type of structure whose equivalence problem Cartan investigated in his famous Five Variables paper. The conformal structure this plane field induces via Nurowski's construction is a simultaneous conformal infinity for the nearly (para-)Kähler structures.

This project is a collaboration with Rod Gover and Roberto Panai.

20/06/2013, 11:00 — 12:00 — Sala P4.35, Pavilhão de Matemática
John Huerta, IST, Lisbon

QFT V

In the final lecture of our gentle introduction to quantum field theory, we discuss the renormalization of phi cubed theory at one loop.
Please note that the seminar lasts an hour and a half, 11h00 - 12h30.

14/06/2013, 11:00 — 12:30 — Sala P3.10, Pavilhão de Matemática
John Huerta, Instituto Superior Técnico

QFT IV

We will introduce Feynman diagrams by studying finite-dimensional Gaussian integrals and their perturbations, leading up to phi-cubed theory.

24/04/2013, 11:30 — 12:30 — Sala P3.10, Pavilhão de Matemática
John Huerta, Instituto Superior Técnico

QFT III

Last time, we talked about quantization of the free scalar field by replacing the modes of the field by quantum oscillators. Now, we put this field into the form used by physicists, and talk about the Wightman axioms, which allow a rigorous treatment of free fields.

17/04/2013, 11:30 — 12:30 — Sala P3.10, Pavilhão de Matemática
John Huerta, Instituto Superior Técnico

QFT II

We continue our gentle introduction to quantum field theory for mathematicians. We discuss the Klein-Gordon equation, and how it decomposes into oscillators. We quantize this system by quantizing the oscillators, obtaining the free scalar field, the simplest quantum field there is.

10/04/2013, 11:30 — 12:30 — Sala P4.35, Pavilhão de Matemática
John Huerta, Instituto Superior Técnico

QFT I

This series of lectures will be a gentle introduction to quantum field theory for mathematicians. In our first lecture, we give a lightning introduction to quantum mechanics and discuss the simplest quantum system: the harmonic oscillator. We then sketch how this system is used to quantize the free scalar field.
Note: room 4.35 is on the 4th floor at the end of the main corridor

03/04/2013, 11:30 — 12:30 — Sala P3.10, Pavilhão de Matemática
John Huerta, Instituto Superior Técnico

Anomalies IV

We will introduce the notion of stable isomorphism for gerbes, and talk about how stable isomorphism classes are in one-to-one correspondence with Deligne cohomology classes. We define WZW branes and discuss how the basic gerbe on a group trivializes when restricted to the brane.

20/03/2013, 11:30 — 12:30 — Sala P3.10, Pavilhão de Matemática
Aleksandar Mikovic, Univ. Lusófona

Categorification of Spin Foam Models

We briefly review spin foam state sums for triangulated manifolds and motivate the introduction of state sums based on 2-groups. We describe 2-BF gauge theories and the construction of the corresponding path integrals (state sums) in the case of Poincaré 2-group.

References

  • J. F. Martins and A. Mikovic, Lie crossed modules and gauge-invariant actions for 2-BF theories, Adv. Theor. Math. Phys. 15 (2011) 1059, arxiv:1006.0903
  • A. Mikovic and M. Vojinovic, Poincaré 2-group and quantum gravity, Class. Quant. Grav. 291 (2012) 165003, arxiv:1110.4694
Room 3.10 is confirmed

13/03/2013, 11:30 — 12:30 — Sala P3.10, Pavilhão de Matemática
John Huerta, Instituto Superior Técnico

Anomalies III

We continue examining Gawedzki and Reis's paper:

WZW branes and gerbes, http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/0205233

We define a gerbe, and show gerbes can be "transgressed" to give line bundles over loop space. Trivial gerbes give trivial bundles on loop space, whose sections are thus mere functions. Any compact, simply connected Lie group comes with a god-given gerbe whose curvature is the canonical invariant 3-form. Restricting this gerbe to certain submanifolds, we get trivial gerbes who thus transgress to trivial line bundles, "cancelling" the anomaly of a nontrivial line bundle.

Room 3.10 is now confirmed

27/02/2013, 11:30 — 12:30 — Sala P3.10, Pavilhão de Matemática
John Huerta, Instituto Superior Técnico

Anomalies II

We continue our informal discussion of anomalies by talking about global anomalies on branes, and their relationship with gerbes.
Room 3.10 is confirmed

06/02/2013, 14:00 — 15:00 — Sala P5.18, Pavilhão de Matemática
John Huerta, Instituto Superior Técnico

Introduction to anomalies

In physics, an "anomaly" is the failure of a classical symmetry at the quantum level. Anomalies play a key role in assessing the consistency of a quantum field theory, and link up with cohomology in mathematics, a general tool by which mathematicians understand whether a desired construction is possible. In this informal series of talks, we aim to understand what physicists mean by an "anomaly" and their mathematical interpretation.

19/12/2012, 11:30 — 12:30 — Sala P4.35, Pavilhão de Matemática
Sara Tavares, Univ. of Nottingham

Observables in 2D BF theory

BF theory in two dimensions has been the subject of intensive study in the last twenty five years. I will readdress it by highlighting the TQFT interpretation of the spinfoam approach to its quantisation. I will also introduce the mathematical model that allows us to treat surfaces with inbuilt topological defects and how we expect them to relate to operators in the quantum field theory.

28/11/2012, 11:30 — 12:30 — Sala P4.35, Pavilhão de Matemática
, Univ. of Illinois at Chicago

Non-Commutative Worlds and Classical Constraints

This talk shows how discrete measurement leads to commutators and how discrete derivatives are naturally represented by commutators in a non-commutative extension of the calculus in which they originally occurred. We show how the square root of minus one (i) arises naturally as a time-sensitive observable for an elementary oscillator. In this sense the square root of minus one is a clock and/or a clock/observer. This sheds new light on Wick rotation, which replaces t (temporal quantity) by it. In this view, the Wick rotation replaces numerical time with elementary temporal observation. The relationship of this remark with the Heisenberg commutator [P,Q]=i is explained. We discuss iterants - a generalization of the complex numbers as described above. This generalization includes all of matrix algebra in a temporal interpretation. We then give a generalization of the Feynman-Dyson derivation of electromagnetism in the context of non-commutative worlds. This generalization depends upon the definitions of derivatives via commutators and upon the way the non-commutative calculus mimics standard calculus. We examine constraints that link standard and non-commutative calculus and show how asking for these constraints to be satisfied leads to some possibly new physics.

Ver também

https://www.math.ist.utl.pt/seminars/qci/index.php.en?action=show&id=3243
Note also another seminar session by the same speaker on Friday 30th November

23/11/2012, 11:30 — 12:30 — Sala P4.35, Pavilhão de Matemática
, Univ. Hamburg

Classifying Extended TQFT and the Cobordism Hypothesis

An overview of the concept of extended field theories, and a look at the role of the Cobordism Hypothesis (now more accurately the Cobordism Theorem) in classification of such theories. Given time the talk will touch on Jacob Lurie's proof of the Cobordism Hypothesis.

21/11/2012, 15:30 — 16:30 — Sala P4.35, Pavilhão de Matemática
, Institut Mathématique de Jussieu, Paris

Indecomposable modules over a Kuperberg-Khovanov algebras

The 𝔰𝔩 3 polynomial is a quantum invariant for knots. It has been categorified by Khovanov in 2004 in a TQFT fashion. The natural way to extend this categorification to an invariant of tangle is construct a 0 +1 +1 TQFT. From this construction emerge some algebras called Khovanov-Kuperberg algebras (or 𝔰𝔩 3 -web algebras) and some particular projective modules called web-modules over these algebras. I will give a combinatorial caracterisation of indecomposable web-modules.
Categorification mini-workshop

21/11/2012, 14:00 — 15:00 — Sala P4.35, Pavilhão de Matemática
Marco Mackaay, Univ. Algarve

𝔰𝔩 3 web algebras, cyclotomic KLR algebras and categorical quantum skew Howe duality

I will introduce 𝔰𝔩 3 web algebras K(S), which involve Kuperberg's 𝔰𝔩 3 web space W(S) and Khovanov 𝔰𝔩 3 foams with boundary in W(S). These algebras are the 𝔰𝔩 3 analogues of Khovanov's 𝔰𝔩 2 arc algebras. I will show how the K(S) are related to cyclotomic Khovanov-Lauda-Rouquier algebras (cyclotomic KLR algebras, for short) by a categorification of quantum skew Howe duality. This talk is closely related to the next one by Robert. In particular, I will show that the Grothendieck group of K(S) is isomorphic to W(S) and that, under this isomorphism, the indecomposable projective K(S)-modules, which Robert constructs explicitly, correspond precisely to the dual canonical basis elements in W(S).
Categorification mini-workshop

21/11/2012, 11:00 — 12:00 — Sala P4.35, Pavilhão de Matemática
, Univ. Uppsala

The endomorphism category of a cell 2-representation

Fiat 2-categories are 2-analogues of finite dimensional algebras with involutions. Cell 2-representations of fiat 2-categories are most appropriate analogues for simple modules over finite dimensional algebras. In this talk I will try to describe (under some natural assumptions) a 2-analogue of Schur's Lemma which asserts that the endomorphism category of a cell 2-representation is equivalent to the category of vector spaces. This is applicable, for example to the fiat category of Soergel bimodules in type A. This is a report on a joint work with Vanessa Miemietz.
Categorification mini-workshop

28/09/2012, 14:00 — 15:00 — Sala P4.35, Pavilhão de Matemática
Nuno Freitas, Univ. Barcelona

Fermat-type equations of signature \((13,13,p)\) via Hilbert cuspforms

In this talk I will give an introduction to the modular approach to Fermat-type equations via Hilbert cuspforms and discuss how it can be used to show that certain equations of the form x 13 +y 13 =Cz p have no solutions (a,b,c) such that gcd(a,b)=1 and 13 c if p>4992539 . We will first relate a putative solution of the previous equation to the solution of another Diophantine equation with coefficients in Q(13 ). Then we attach Frey curves E over Q(13 ) to solutions of the latter equation. Finally, we will discuss on the modularity of E and irreducibility of certain Galois representations attached to it. These ingredients enable us to apply a modular approach via Hilbert newforms to get the desired arithmetic result on the equation.
Duration 90 minutes or slightly less

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Organizadores correntes: Roger Picken, Marko Stošić.

Projecto FCT PTDC/MAT-GEO/3319/2014, Quantization and Kähler Geometry.

CAMGSD FCT