28/07/2009, 11:00 — 12:00 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building Graciela Boente, Universidad de Buenos Aires and CONICET
Robust methods in semiparametric estimation with missing responses
Most of the statistical methods in nonparametric regression are designed for complete data sets and problems arise when missing observations are present which is a common situation in biomedical or socioeconomic studies, for example. Classic examples are found in the field of social sciences with the problem of non-response in sample surveys, in Physics, in Genetics (Meng, 2000), among others. We will consider inference with an incomplete data set where the responses satisfy a semiparametric partly linear regression model. We will introduce a family of robust procedures to estimate the regression parameter as well as the marginal location of the responses, when there are missing observations in the response variable, but the covariates are totally observed. In this context, it is necessary to require some conditions regarding the loss of an observation. We model the aforementioned loss assuming that the data are missing at random, i.e, the probability of observing a missing data is independent of the response variable, and it only depends on the covariate. Our proposal is based on a robust profile likelihood approach adapted to the presence of missing data. The asymptotic behavior of the robust estimators for the regression parameter is derived. Several proposals for the marginal location are considered. A Monte Carlo study is carried out to compare the performance of the robust proposed estimators among them and also with the classical ones, in normal and contaminated samples, under different missing data models.