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Geometria em Lisboa Seminar   RSS

Past sessions

19/07/2019, 15:00 — 16:00 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Rui Loja Fernandes, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Stability of symplectic leaves

In this talk I will give a gentle introduction to Poisson manifolds, which can be thought of as (singular) symplectic foliations. As an illustration of the kind of problems one deals in Poisson geometry, I will discuss and give some results on stability of symplectic leaves.

17/07/2019, 14:00 — 15:00 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Hansjörg Geiges, Universität zu Köln

Constructions of contact manifolds with controlled Reeb dynamics

The Reeb flow of a contact form is a generalisation of Hamiltonian flows on energy hypersurfaces in classical mechanics. In this talk I shall address the question of how "complicated" such flows can be. Among other things, I plan to discuss a construction of Reeb flows with a global surface of section on which the Poincaré return map is a pseudorotation. This is joint work with Peter Albers and Kai Zehmisch

17/07/2019, 10:30 — 11:30 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Frédéric Bourgeois, Université Paris Sud

Geography of (bi)linearized Legendrian contact homology

The study of Legendrian submanifolds in contact geometry presents some similarities with knot theory. In particular, invariants are needed to distinguish Legendrian isotopy classes. Linearized Legendrian contact homology is one of these, and is based on the count of holomorphic curves. It is obtained after linearizing a differential graded algebra using an augmentation. A bilinearized version using two augmentations was introduced with Chantraine.

After a self-contained introduction to this context, the geography of these invariants will be described. In the linearized case, it was obtained with Sabloff and Traynor. The bilinearized case turned out to be far more general and was studied with Galant.

21/06/2019, 11:00 — 12:00 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Jo Nelson, Rice University

Equivariant and nonequivariant contact homology

I will explain how to make use of geometric methods to obtain three related flavors of contact homology, a Floer theoretic contact invariant. In particular, I will discuss joint work with Hutchings which constructs nonequivariant and a family floer equivariant version of contact homology. Both theories are generated by two copies of each Reeb orbit over $\mathbb{Z}$ and capture interesting torsion information. I will then explain how one can recover the original cylindrical theory proposed by Eliashberg-Givental-Hofer via our constructions.

03/06/2019, 15:00 — 16:00 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Richard Laugesen, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Spectrum of the Robin Laplacian: recent results, and open problems

I will discuss two recent theorems and one recent conjecture about maximizing or minimizing the first three eigenvalues of the Robin Laplacian of a simply connected planar domain. Conformal mappings and winding numbers play a key role in the geometric constructions. In physical terms, these eigenvalues represent decay rates for heat flow assuming a “partially insulating” boundary.

Joint with the CEAFEL seminar

09/05/2019, 11:00 — 12:00 — Room P4.35, Mathematics Building
Isabelle Charton, University of Cologne

Hamiltonian $S^1$-spaces with large equivariant pseudo-index.

Let \((M,\omega)\) be a compact symplectic manifold of dimension \(2n\) endowed with a Hamiltonian circle action with only isolated fixed points. Whenever \(M\) admits a toric \(1\)-skeleton \(\mathcal{S}\), which is a special collection of embedded \(2\)-spheres in \(M\), we define the notion of equivariant pseudo-index of \(\mathcal{S}\): this is the minimum of the evaluation of the first Chern class \(c_1\) on the spheres of \(\mathcal{S}\).

In this talk we will discuss upper bounds for the equivariant pseudo-index. In particular, when the even Betti numbers of \(M\) are unimodal, we prove that it is at most \(n+1\) . Moreover, when it is exactly \(n+1\), \(M\) must be homotopically equivalent to \(\mathbb{C}P^n\).

11/04/2019, 14:30 — 15:30 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Gleb Smirnov, ETH Zurich

Symplectic triangle inequality

This talk will be concerned with handling problems about embedding Lagrangians in symplectic four-manifolds where the target manifold is rational. In particular, we will determine those three-fold blow-ups of the symplectic ball which admit an embedded Lagrangian projective plane.

14/03/2019, 14:30 — 15:30 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Adela Mihai, Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest

On Einstein spaces

A Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ of dimension $n \ge 3$ is called an Einstein space if $\operatorname{Ric} = \lambda \cdot \operatorname{id}$, where trivially $\lambda = \kappa$, with $\kappa$ the (normalized) scalar curvature; in this case one easily proves that $\lambda = \kappa = \operatorname{constant}$.

We recall the fact that any $2$-dimensional Riemannian manifold satisfies the relation $\operatorname{Ric} = \lambda \cdot \operatorname{id}$, but the function $\lambda= \kappa $ is not necessarily a constant. It is well known that any $3$-dimensional Einstein space has constant sectional curvature. Thus the interest in Einstein spaces starts with dimension $n=4$.

Singer and Thorpe discovered a symmetry of sectional curvatures which characterizes $4$-dimensional Einstein spaces. Later, this result was generalized to Einstein spaces of even dimensions $n = 2k \ge 4.$ We established curvature symmetries for Einstein spaces of arbitrary dimension $n \ge 4$.

12/03/2019, 12:00 — 13:00 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Claude LeBrun, Stonybrook

Einstein Metrics, Harmonic Forms, and Conformally Kaehler Geometry

There are certain compact 4-manifolds, such as real and complex hyperbolic 4-manifolds, 4-tori, and K3, where we completely understand the moduli space of Einstein metrics. But there are vast numbers of other 4-manifolds where we know that Einstein metrics exist, but cannot currently determine whether or not there are other Einstein metrics on them that are quite different from the currently-known ones. In this lecture, I will first present a characterization of the known Einstein metrics on Del Pezzo surfaces which I proved several years ago, and then describe an improved version which I obtained only quite recently.

07/03/2019, 15:00 — 16:00 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Lars Setktnan, UQUAM Montréal

Blowing up extremal Poincaré type manifolds

Metrics of Poincaré type are Kähler metrics defined on the complement $X\setminus D$ of a smooth divisor $D$ in a compact Kähler manifold $X$ which near $D$ are modeled on the product of a smooth metric on $D$ with the standard cusp metric on a punctured disk in $\mathbb{C}$. In this talk I will discuss an Arezzo-Pacard type theorem for such metrics. A key feature is an obstruction which has no analogue in the compact case, coming from additional cokernel elements for the linearisation of the scalar curvature operator. I will discuss that even in the toric case, this gives an obstruction to blowing up fixed points (which is unobstructed in the compact case). This additional condition is conjecturally related to ensuring the metrics remain of Poincaré type.

26/02/2019, 15:00 — 16:00 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Bruno Oliveira, University of Miami

Big jet-bundles on resolution of orbifold surfaces of general type.

The presence of symmetric and more generally $k$-jet differentials on surfaces $X$ of general type play an important role in constraining the presence of entire curves (nonconstant holomorphic maps from $\mathbb{C}$ to $X$). Green-Griffiths-Lang conjecture and Kobayashi conjecture are the pillars of the theory of constraints on the existence of entire curves on varieties of general type.

When the surface as a low ratio $c_1^2/c_2$ a simple application of Riemann-Roch is unable to guarantee abundance of symmetric or $k$-jet differentials.

This talk gives an approach to show abundance on resolutions of hypersurfaces in $P^3$ with $A_n$ singularities and of low degree (low $c_1^2/c_2$). A new ingredient from a recent work with my student Michael Weiss gives that there are such hypersurfaces of degree $8$ (and potentially $7$). The best known result till date was degree $13$.

07/01/2019, 14:00 — 15:00 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Hugues Auvray, Université Paris-Sud

Complete extremal metrics and stability of pairs on Hirzebruch surfaces

In this talk I will discuss the existence of complete extremal metrics on the complement of simple normal crossings divisors in compact Kähler manifolds, and stability of pairs, in the toric case.

Using constructions of Legendre and Apostolov-Calderbank-Gauduchon, we completely characterize when this holds for Hirzebruch surfaces. In particular, our results show that relative stability of a pair and the existence of extremal Poincaré type/cusp metrics do not coincide. However, stability is equivalent to the existence of a complete extremal metric on the complement of the divisor in our examples. It is the Poincaré type condition on the asymptotics of the extremal metric that fails in general.

This is joint work with Vestislav Apostolov and Lars Sektnan.

19/12/2018, 16:00 — 17:00 — Room P4.35, Mathematics Building
Gonçalo Oliveira, Universidade Federal Fluminense

Yang-Mills flow and calibrated geometry

This is a report on joint work with Alex Waldron.

The Yang-Mills functional is the most studied functional on the space of connections on a vector bundle over an oriented Riemannian manifold. Its negative gradient flow leads to a semi-parabolic PDE known as the Yang-Mills flow.

I will introduce this flow and talk about its properties in the context of manifolds with special holonomy, particularly in Kahler, $G_2$, and $\operatorname{Spin}(7)$-manifolds. I intend to explain a blow-up criteria and talk about relationships with certain minimal “submanifolds” known as calibrated.

29/11/2018, 16:15 — 17:15 — Room P4.35, Mathematics Building
Dan Avritzer, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Classical Geometry and the Moduli Space of Higgs bundles

One of the most beautiful objects of classical geometry is the Kummer Surface, that was studied by Kummer in the 19th century. In a celebrated paper of 1969 Narasimhan and Ramanan studied the moduli space of vector bundles of rank 2 and trivial determinant over a curve of genus 2, proving that this space is isomorphic to projective space of dimension 3. In this space the moduli space of non-stable bundles is parameterized by a Kummer Surface.

In this seminar, I will introduce the Kummer Surface in the classical setting and recall the main results of the paper of Narasimhan and Ramanan mentioned above. Then I will talk about joint work in progress with Peter Gothen, where we describe the moduli space of Higgs bundles over a curve of genus 2. We obtain a similar description as in the paper above of the moduli of Higgs bundles in the so called nilpotent cone. The aim is to study the geometry of this nilpotent cone as done in the Narasimhan-Ramanan paper.

25/09/2018, 16:30 — 17:30 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Levi Lima, Universidade Federal do Ceará

The mass of asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds with a noncompact boundary.

We discuss a positive mass inequality (and its consequences) for the class of manifolds in the title, under the spin assumption. This is a natural extension to this setting of a previous result by P. Chrusciel and M. Herzlich, who treated the boundaryless case. Joint work with S. Almaraz.

26/07/2018, 16:30 — 17:30 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Bruno Oliveira, University of Miami

Hyperbolicity of projective manifolds (II)

We continue to discuss several ideas and methods used in studying the Kobayshi hyperbolicity of projective manifolds. A manifold $X$ is said to be hyperbolic if there are no nonconstant holomorphic maps from the complex line to $X$. This is a subject that brings together methods of algebraic geometry, complex analysis and differential geometry.

We will discuss the key and well understood case of dimension $1$. We will have several distinct characterizations of hyperbolicity and see how that extend for projective manifolds of higher dimension. We will also discuss the related Green-Griffiths-Lang conjecture.

This is the second part of a two seminar set, but can be followed independently of the first seminar.

24/07/2018, 16:30 — 17:30 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Martin Pinsonnault, University of Western Ontario

Stability of Symplectomorphism Groups of Small Rational Surfaces

Let $(X_k,\omega_k)$ be the symplectic blow-up of the projective plane at $k$ balls, $1\leq k\leq 9$, of capacities $c_1,\ldots, c_k$. After reviewing some facts on Kahler cones and curve cones of tamed almost complex structures, we will give sufficient conditions on two sets of capacities $\{c_i\}$ and $\{c_i’\}$ for the associated symplectomorphism groups to be homotopy equivalent. In particular, we will explain when those groups are homotopy equivalent to stabilisers of points in $(X_{k-1},\omega_{k-1})$. We will discuss some corollaries for the spaces of symplectic balls.

17/07/2018, 11:00 — 12:00 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Jun Li, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

The symplectomorphism groups of rational surfaces

This talk is on the topology of $\operatorname{Symp}(M, \omega)$, where $\operatorname{Symp}(M, \omega)$ is the symplectomorphism group of a symplectic rational surface $(M, \omega)$. We will illustrate our approach with the 5 point blowup of the projective plane. For an arbitrary symplectic form on this rational surface, we are able to determine the symplectic mapping class group (SMC) and describe the answer in terms of the Dynkin diagram of Lagrangian sphere classes. In particular, when deforming the symplectic form, the SMC of a rational surface behaves in the way of forgetting strand map of braid groups. We are also able to compute the fundamental group of $\operatorname{Symp}(M, \omega)$ for an open region of the symplectic cone. This is a joint work with Tian-Jun Li and Weiwei Wu.

11/07/2018, 16:00 — 17:00 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building
Bruno Oliveira, University of Miami

Hyperbolicity of projective manifolds (I)

In this talk we will discuss several ideas and methods used in studying the Kobayshi hyperbolicity of projective manifolds. A manifold $X$ is said to be hyperbolic if there are no nonconstant holomorphic maps from the complex line to $X$. This is a subject that brings together methods of algebraic geometry, complex analysis and differential geometry.

We will discuss the key and well understood case of dimension $1$. We will have several distinct characterizations of hyperbolicity and see how that extend for projective manifolds of higher dimension. We will also discuss the related Green-Griffiths-Lang conjecture.

First session of a short course.

28/06/2018, 16:30 — 17:30 — Room P4.35, Mathematics Building
José Mourão, CAMGSD, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa

Imaginary time Hamiltonian flows and applications to Kahler geometry, Kahler reduction and representation theory

The formalism to complexify time in the flow of a nonholomorphic vector field on a complex manifold is reviewed. The complexified flow, besides acting on $M$, changes also the complex structure. We will describe the following applications:

  1. For a compact Kahler manifold the imaginary time Hamiltonian flows correspond to Mabuchi geodesics in the infinite dimensional space of Kahler metrics on $M$. These geodesics play a very important role in the study of stability of Kahler manifolds. A nontrivial nontoric example on the two-dimensional sphere will be described.
  2. Let the compact connected Lie group $G$ act in an Hamiltonian and Kahler way on a Kahler manifold $M$ and assume that its action extends to $G_C$. Then, by taking geodesics of Kahler structures generated by convex functions of the $G$-momentum to infinite geodesic time, one gets (conjecturally always, proved on several important examples) a concentration of holomorphic sections of holomorphic line bundles on inverse images of coadjoint orbits under the $G$-momentum map. A nontrivial toric example and the case of $M=G_C$ will be described.

On work with T Baier, J Hilgert, O Kaya, JP Nunes, M Pereira, P Silva.

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Current organizer: Rosa Sena Dias

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