15/11/2019, 11:30 — 12:30 — Sala P3.10, Pavilhão de Matemática
Angelo Carollo, University of Palermo
On quantumness in multi-parameter quantum critical metrology
I will introduce a measure of quantum-ness in quantum multi-parameter estimation problems. One can show that the ratio between the mean Uhlmann Curvature and the Fisher Information provides a figure of merit which estimates the amount of incompatibility arising from the quantum nature of the underlying physical system. This ratio accounts for the discrepancy between the attainable precision in the simultaneous estimation of multiple parameters and the precision predicted by the Cramér-Rao bound. We apply this measure to quantitatively assess the quantum character of phase transition phenomena in peculiar quantum critical models. We consider a paradigmatic class of lattice fermion systems, which shows equilibrium quantum phase transition and dissipative non-equilibrium steady-state phase transitions.