QM3 Quantum Matter meets Maths   RSS

Raffaele Resta 29/06/2020, 17:00 — 18:00 — Room P3.10, Mathematics Building Online
, Instituto Officina dei Materiali, CNR, Trieste, Italy

The insulating state of matter: a geometrical theory

The insulating versus conducting behavior of condensed matter is commonly addressed in terms of electronic excitations and/or conductivity. At variance with such wisdom, W. Kohn hinted in 1964 that the insulating state of matter reflects a peculiar organization of the electrons in their ground state, and does not require an energy gap.

Kohn’s theory of the insulating state got a fresh restart in 1999; at the root of these developments is the modern theory of polarization, developed in the early 1990s, and based on a geometrical concept (Berry phase). Since insulators and metals polarize in a qualitatively different way, quantum geometry also discriminates insulators from conductors. A common geometrical “marker”, based on the quantum metric, caracterizes all insulators (band insulators, Anderson insulators, Mott insulators, quantum Hall insulators...); such marker diverges in conductors.

See also

Slides of the talk
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The goal of QM3 is to discuss recent topics in quantum matter from a mathematical perspective while building bridges between the physics and mathematics communities.

Organizers: Bruno Mera, João Pimentel Nunes, José Mourão, Pedro Ribeiro, Roger Picken, Vitor Rocha Vieira
Zoom password: send an email to one of the organizers to ask for the password.